Alsatian love poem
Din beld em spieyel
Esch min schenchte gedicht
Dommel di es verchwint glich
Es ich min letchte esch lieb dech.
→ French poem ←
Love poem translated into Alsatian (Hochalemannisch, High Alemannisch, Low Alemannisch, Alemannic, Alemanic, Alemannisch, autonym : Ëlsässisch, Elsaessisch, Elsäsisch, Elsässerditsch), of course the dialect of Alsace.
If Alsatian is a Germanic language, it is a language which because of the history of its linguistic area, has borrowed many words from French, words which have often been "Alsacized". (bonjour - bùschùr, au revoir - orùaar).
The Alsatian dialect, of Alemannic origin, has nuances depending on where it is spoken ... nuances which also affect its pronunciation ... But all the dialect variants of Alsatian are nevertheless very similar and intercomprehensible.
Let us quote the following dialect groups, which themselves are divided into several variants: Upper German, Lower German (north and south), Rhine Francic, and Southern Rhine Francic.
Alsatian will not begin to become a written language until the 13th century ... it is also the beginning of a literature.
Although one of the many Germanic dialects, Alsatian will not enter the process of standardization of the German language by Luther, because at that time, Alsace is attached to France.
This connection will make Alsatian evolve in quite another way, with a growing influence of the French language.
As for the other French regional languages, this language will live a period of prohibition, a period which will be particular, also because Alsace is between France and Germany.
Today, even if Alsatian is seeing its number of speakers increase, like many regional languages, its use is increasingly restricted.
This Germanic, Low Alemannic dialect, for all of its variations count 600,000 speakers, and is, along with Occitan, the 1st or 2nd regional French language.
Alsace and history
Alsace, is a border region with Germany! During its history, and despite its own identity, it has often been tossed between France and Germany.
From -300 to -100, Celts from the Danube live in Alsace, of course they speak a Celtic language.
It was between the years 500 and 600, that two Germanic peoples settled in Alsace, the Franks in the north and the Alamans more in the south. Both spoke languages from which the Alsatian dialects descend.