Dutch (Hollands, Nederlands). If it loses rhythm and versification, my poetry retains the memory of your Batavian beauty! This Dutch poem is your reflection in the water of the Amsterdam canals. Perhaps one day you will write to me, but what is your firstname: Lara, Marijke or Sigrid? No matter, anyway your singing name, will be so sweet to my ears.
History of Dutch literature
Dutch is a Germanic language which come from Low German. Dutch-speakers are about 30 million. It is the national language of the Netherlands and also the language of the former Dutch colonies. The standard Dutch was constituted in the 17th century, on the basis of the Amsterdam-Rotterdam-The Hague dialect. In the 16th century,Jan van Hout and Carel Van Mander exert an influence on the letters of the "renaissance". The poet Hendrik Laurensz Spiegel creates the first grammar. In the 17th Joost Van den Vondel with "lucifer" becomes a European writer. Contantijin Huygens, will be a lyric poet. The Dutch poet Jacob Cats will truffer his works of maxims. Many other poets still illustrate this period: Stalpart Van der Wiele, Revius, Camphuysen, Jan Starter, J. De Dedecker, Dullaert and Jan Luyken. In the 18th century, three poets: Van Alphen, Bellamy and Pieter Nieuwland brought a revival to national lyricism. R. Feith, elegiac poet announces the 19th. This century is essentially this of the prose writers, the great novelist Louis Couperus will have a lasting influence on the writers to come. The 20th century, is that of the neo-Romantic poets: J. H. Leopold, Henriette Roland Holst and P. C. Boutens. Poetry is unparalleled in its prosperity with J. Bloem, A. Holst, Greshoff, Van Vriesland, Slauerhoff, and H. Marsman. Subsequently G. Achterberg, Vasalis and Aafjes precede Lucebert's surrealist and enigmatic style, and Schierbeek experimental poet. Remco Campert and Gerrit Kouwenaar indulge to hermetic poetry and surrealist experiences. Van Geel and Kopland will play puns. Some neo-realistic poets are satisfied with a very elaborate verbal exercise. The poets Habakuk of Balker, Mulisch, Faverey play linguistic combinations. At the end of the 20th century the poetry of Jan de Hartog and Alberts retain some realism. The Netherlands, with the highest density of population in Europe, has the particularity to have about 26% of its area below sea level (the polders).