Vannetais love poem
Ha skéden ér miloér
Zou me guerzen braùan
Mes hast béan, é ma é vonet diar uél
Me «sot on genis» devéhan é.
→ Poem the mirror ←
Vannetais is the Breton dialect of the Vannes region (south of Lower Brittany). There are notable differences with the dialect of Leon, which serves as standard. The influence of the neighboring oil tongue, gallo, is a little more important in this south-eastern part of Lower Brittany. Historically this Breton dialect was spoken in some municipalities of Finistère and Loire-Atlantique and in a large part of Morbihan.
Short story of Brittany
We begin to know Brittany by the Romans and Julius Caesar, who defeat in the gulf of Morbihan the Gallic fleet of the Venetes, Namnetes and other allies, Leonese, Trecorenses, Diablinthes. Gallic ships, however, used to the Atlantic, will be defeated by those of the Romans, a weak wind favoring the rowing propulsion of the Roman galleys.
The various provinces conquered by the Romans in Armorica, as in Great Britain, are then governed by suzerains recognizing the Roman domination.
At the end of the 4th century, Maxime marries the daughter of the King of Trinovante (London). He runs into Conan Meriadech, the nephew of the latter, who is also fighting for the crown. Finally both of them join forces, because Maxime, who wants Gratien's imperial power, offers him a part of the empire. Conan brings together many Breton volunteers who land in Armorica. For Gratien it is already too late, and after Rennes, Nantes is conquered. This conquest is lived as a liberation from the yoke of Rome, which crushes these cities, under too heavy tributes.
Maxime leaves to Conan the crown to direct Armorica (Brittany, part of Anjou, Poitou, Touraine and Berri). Conan, like Maxime, and after him, settles to Nantes. After having traveled his kingdom and listened to his subjects, he enacts a code taking into account their customs. Conan wants to marry the daughter of Dionote, who reigns over London, but she perishes during the trip. He will marry Daréréa, born in Britainy. At his death, he will be buried at St Pol de Leon. The dukes of Brittany, including Anne, will reclaim of his lineage.
At the end of the 5th century, when Saxons invade Great Britain, its inhabitants must leave. They emigrate in large numbers to a rather deserted Armorica. Hoel, from Rennes, who is in charge of Little Britain, let them to come, so one of the chiefs of these emigrants takes the title of king. So the peninsula is divided into two kingdoms, this of Brittany, and that of Donnonée, composed of a portion of the Leones, the dioceses of Treguier and Saint-Brieuc. However the king of Donnonée recognizes the supremacy of the king of Brittany.
Wars with the Franks follow one another around the "Marches of Bretagne".
In the 9th century, Charles the bald, with Franks and Saxons, opposes to Noménoé, then to his son Erispoé. Both will beat him twice, at the Battle of the Balloon, then at the Battle of Jengland. Charles the Bald is then committed to recognize Britain and its borders, which include the regions of Rennes, Nantes and Retz, all Breton lands.
It is in the 16th century, after the death of Anne of Brittany the Nantaise, successive wife of Charles VIII and Louis XII, that Brittany will become French (1532).