Neapolitan love poem
Ll'uocchie tuoye dint' a 'stu specchio
Song' 'e parole meje cchiù belle
Ma si aspiette assaje scumpareno
È ll'urdemo "te voglio bbene" dd''o mio
→ Poem the mirror ←
If after the unification of Italy in 1861, the Tuscan became the official language, the Neapolitan, considered as a language in its own right, remains the second most important language of the country. Indeed, if you count all its different dialects, the Neapolitan is the language of about 6 million people. After the Roman conquest, the Greek will remain the language of Naples, the Latin being implanted, little by little. The first written traces in the Neapolitan language (napulitano, Campanian), date from the Xeme century. The Neapolitan is a Romance language (comes from Latin) and has undergone during the centuries, the influences of the many languages that it has coasted, in particular Greek, French and Spanish... but also, Arabic, Norman and Aragonese.
Naples (Napoli) is the capital of Campania, at the foot of Vesuvius. It was first a Greek colony (Neapolis = new city), which succeeds to Parthenope founded in -680. The Romans will take the city in -326 which will nevertheless keep the mark of its Greek origin. Independent Duchy in the Middle Ages, the Normans in 1137, will unify all the south and if they will give to the port and the city their importance, their capital will be Palermo. It is in the Angevin period that succeeds to that of the Normans, that Charles of Anjou, who was dispossessed of Sicily by the Aragonese, moves his capital to Naples. Spaniards, Austrians and French, in turn will dominate the city.