The importance of Asia lies primarily in its demography with its large and highly populated countries. This continent is so vast that I have fragmented it a little, putting the languages of the former USSR and India apart. I am going to confine myself here to a bit of history about China. The Xia would have founded in the 3rd millennium the 1st Chinese kingdom whose capital was Anyi. The Shang Dynasty succeeded them until -1050 andfrom the Gulf of Bohai will settle in Henan .. King Wu Wang founds the Zhou Dynasty in the Wei Valley, on the western border of China. In -770 the invasion of the north nomads, oblige the Zhou to transfer their residence to Luoyang. Until -481 it is the period of the east-Zhou, period when Confucianism borns, only the states located in the basin of the yellow river, which are central, are related to the Chinese culture. The Qin, Jin, Qi and Chu know one after another the supremacy, Chinese civilization wins the Yangzi. Then the wars become annexation wars: the great states absorb the little ones. Towards -300 the Huns threaten the north of China and the Qin initiate a vast annexation campaign which will lead to the conquest of all China, and Prince Qin is proclaimed 1st emperor. He orders the construction of the great wall. Liu Bang succeeds to the last of the Qin, and founds the Han dynasty. During the Hou Han, the paper is invented. The end of the Han divides the country into three kingdoms. The Yang who take the advantage found the Sui dynasty. It will be replaced by the Tang which will ensure two centuries of power and prosperity to China, in 630 the Chinese armies beat back the threats of the North steppes. The great chinese poets of this time frequent the Imperial Court. From 907-978 the Chinese space is again shared by 5 Chinese or Turkish families. Zhao Guangvin reconstitutes the unity and founds the Song dynasty, he introduces poetry in the mode of administrative recruitment. This is the period of the first use of gunpowder, the invention of the compass, the moving characters of printing, the clepsydra, and wheel-boats. In 1280 one of the little sons of Genghis Khan founds the Yuan dynasty. The Mongol post system extends to China, a system of free trade extends from eastern Europe to the Pacific, the great channel is created, paper money appears. But it is the revolt against the Mongol dynasty on a famine background. A Howgwu peasant takes power and creates the Ming dynasty. Under the Ming the capital passes from Nanking to Beijing and Yongle builds most of the great palaces still standing today. China is booming. After the Japanese piracy, the Portuguese arrive and found Macau. In 1644 the Manchus are called to help a Chinese general, but once in Beijing, they refuse to leave the city, they settle there creating the Qing dynasty, they rebuild the imperial city burnt at the fall of the Ming. Then come the English and the Europeans. In 1851 is formed the rebel government of Hong Xiuquan who proclaimes himself "Heavenly King." 1911 end of Qing, a republic president is appointed. 1934 it is the "long walk" of Mao Zedong, then the invasion of the Japanese and the retreat of Chiang Kaichek. In 45 at Japan capitulation, communists and nationalists meet face to face, 1949 Mao carries the day and proclaims in Pekin the People's Republic of China.
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