Czech love poem
Tvůj obraz v zrcadle
Je mou nejkrásnější básní
Ale pospěš si, než zmizí
Je to mé poslední "Miluji Tě"
→ French poem ←
Czech woman & language
Pretty blonde, pretty Czech (Bohemian), this translation is for you. I have translated you, like no other, and your image is now the symbol of this love poem (Láska báseň). Do not despise my heart.
Be a magician and answer with your words, to my little love poem (láska báseň).
Maybe we use the same and speak the universal language.
Prague is your city, like you it looks "Boheme" when you walk quietly in its streets. Continue quietly your way it will lead you one day to me!
Czech (Čeština) has 11 million speakers, it is the national language of the Czech Republic. His Latin alphabet with some diacritical signs was well worth a poem.
Like Polish and Slovak language (from which it is very close), Czech belongs to the Western group of Slavic languages. We can distinguish 3 dialects with minimal differences (Bohemian, Moravian, Silesian).
History of Czech literature
The literary language is based on the dialect of Prague. The oldest texts are hymns of the 13th century. The Czech will be fixed as a literary language by Jan Hus in the 15th century. In the 17th century, baroque poetry triumphs with the poet Adam Michna of Otradovice. After to have a bit diseappears in front of German, a revival takes place at the end of the 18th century, but the codified language is rather archaic, the result is an opposition that still exist between written language and spoken language.
In the 19th, the national feeling is expressed in the poem "Slava's daughter", and it is the revival of poetry with, the romantic poem "May" by the innovative Karel Hynek Macha, "the bouquet" by Karel Jaromir Erben , poems by the poet Bozena Nemcova, and the poets Jan Neruda and Vitezslav Halek. Will follow Vaclav Sladek a meditative poet, Jaroslav Vrchlicky fertile poet and translator.
The beginning of the 20th century is directed by the poet Josef Svatopluk Machar. Then there is a poetic blossoming with symbolists such as Petr Bezruc, Otokar Brezina, Jakub Deml, Antonin Sova, Karel Toman and the decadentism of Viktor Dyk and Stanislav Kostka Neumann. After a brief period of proletarian poetry with J. Wolker, it is the arrival of the great avant-garde movement "poetism", directed by Jaroslav Seifert and Vitezslav Nerzval, who collaborate with Breton.
However, most poets choose an intimate and personal expression, such as the poets of the human condition: Hora, Halas, Holan, Zavada, Hrubin. With communism the Czech poets Blatny and Kovtun escape to the West. After 5 years of dogmatism a thaw begins with a group of poets: Sotola, Siktanc, Florian, as well as Milan Kundera and his poems. In poetry is continued the spiritualistic tendency with Halas, and Orten, Kainar. After the spring of Prague the silent, the forbidden, the young surrealists and even the exiles are published. This liberalization is halted by the Soviet invasion.