Icelandic love poem
Spegilmynd þín í speglinum
Er mitt fegursta ljóð
En vertu fljót því hún er hverful
Hún er mitt hinsta "ég elska þig"
→ Poem the mirror ←
History of Icelandic literature
The Icelandic is very close to the Norwegian, they will be confused until 1350. The modern Icelandic is the most conservative of the Nordic languages. It is possible for an actual Icelander to read texts of the Middle Ages.
Medieval Icelandic literature is mainly the transcription of the Scandinavian poetic works that had been preserved orally. The edited poems composed between the 9-13th and preserved in the so-called poetic Edda are anonymous works of great literary beauty, we must quote the visionary poem Voluspa. The scaldic poems preserved in the sagas, and the so-called prosaic Edda of Snorri Sturluson, are works of known court poets (the scales). This poetic art was mainly cultivated by the Icelanders Egill Skallagrimsson and Sighvatr Thoroarson. These poets lived near the princes whom they glorified.
The 14th sees the appearance of a new poetic genre, that of the "rimur", epic poems, in a style inherited in part from the scald poetry. The 18th keep the poetic traditions, with the poet Eggert Olafsson.
In the 19th century the romantic writers whose leader is the poet Jonas Hallgrimsson, create the modern literary language. Their successors will be the poets Grimur Thomsen, Bolu-Hjalmar, and jon Thoroddsen. The Icelandic poets Matthias Jochumsson, G. Stephansson and Einar Benediktsson will follow. From 1920, poetry evolved into neo-romanticism, with Stefan fra Hvitadal, Davio Stefansson and Tomas Gudmundsson.
After the war appears the generation of the "atomic" poets who adopt the free verse and the poem in prose. Their leader is Steinn Steinarr, added from Jon ur Vor and Johannes ur Kotlum. Steinn Steinarr will influence several generations of poets including Stefan Hordur Grimsson, Hannes Sigfusson, Hannes Pétursson, Matthias Johannessen and many others who renew poetry. From 1960, poets, such as Thorsteinn fra Hamri and Petur Gunnarsson, stay close to European modernism, while others like Thorarinn Eldjarn are inspired by the traditional Icelandic poetry.
Iceland (the land of ice) is a volcanic island situated between Norway and Greenland, its climate is tempered by the Gulf Stream