Uyghur love poem
Eng güzel nezmidur, shé'irdur manga,
Eynekni tebessum qildurghan chéhring.
Pexes bol aldingdin bolidu ghayib,
Bolghandek bir sanga atighan méhrim.
→ French poem ←
Uyghur her language
For her, my love poem translated into Uighur. Four verses for a Uighur love, because in Central Asia, in Xinjiang, the women admire themselves in the Tarim, and one of them, one fine day, will see appearing the drawing in almond of the brown of her pretty eyes.
Uyghur (variants : Uygur, Uiguir, Kashgar-Yarkand, Uighuir, Kulja, Hotan, Weiwu'er, Uigur, Central Uyghur, Luobu, Wiga, Novouygur, Taranchi, Lop, Uighur, Hetian, Autonym : ئۇيغۇرچە , ئۇيغۇر تىلى , Uyƣurqə, Uyƣur tili), is the Turkish language of the Altaic language family, spoken by 14 million people.
This language is an official language in Xinjiang (East Turkestan), and can use different alphabets. Currently, it is the Latin alphabet, in which is transcribed my poem, which is used. Uighur and Uzbek are very close languages.
Uyghur (Eastern Turkish) is spoken in China in Xinjiang. In this region, people also speak Chinese, Kazakh and Kyrgyz. The majority of speakers, live in the north of the Tarim, the rest are in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Mongolia. If Chinese is the dominant language, Uyghur has an official status. Schools and universities teach it, especially in Kazakhstan, where there are also publications in Uighur.
Uyghur is a cousin with Uzbek. The old Uyghur is very similar, to the Orkhon inscriptions, inscriptions, dating back from the Turkish dynasty. Modern Uyghur is not the continuity, it differs a lot, because of the interactions, that the language had, with Soghdian, Tokharian, and many other languages. The Uighur, very early got contacts with Mongols, then with Kyrgyz and Kazakhs. The Persian and Arab influences, brought by merchants and religious, along the Silk Road, are obvious and present.
The old Uyghur presents a rich literary language, most often religious (Buddhist). We have many documents, dating from the 15th century, written in various scripts, which bear witness to this. In 1922 it was decided, to adopt the word "uyghur", to designate the language, a decision that will follow in Xinjiang. Later the dialect of Ghulja will be defined as the standard
First written with the Arabic script, then Cyrillic, modern Uyghur now uses Latin letters, based on the Chinese Pinyin system.
Uyghurs, originally lived on the territory of present-day Mongolia, on the Selenga river side, Vassals of the Turks, they will finish, to vanquish them in 744, and will create an empire, which will extend, from the Altai mountains, to Lake Baikal. The extension of their territory, will go even further east to Tarim. Their contacts with the Chinese, will be so close, that they will borrow them, many features.
In 840, after being defeated by the Kyrgyz, they migrated further south, to the north of China to assimilate with Chinese and Mongols. Those settled in western China, on the Gansu side, are their descendants, mixed with Tibetans and Mongols.
A larger group along the Tarim will create the kingdom of Kocho, which will exist, until the Mongol invasion in the 13th century. In this kingdom, the Uyghur sedentarized, will have an important literary production. This region, will see the arrival of many Turkish groups, and the old Uighur culture will die, with the arrival of Islam. In the 10th century, it is the creation of the first Islamist Turkish empire in the east (the Karakhanid empire). After Mongol, Junggars, invasions etc., this region will be coveted by Russia and China.