Rajasthani love poem
१ तू तो मारी आंखा माइने है
२ आ कविता तो घणी चौखी छः
३ पन बो जल्दी सु गायब हो गीयो
४़. मु थनै आखिरी दाण कैई पीयो ही कि "मु थनै प्रेम करूँ छुः"
→ French poem ←
Love poem translated into Rajasthani, a language of Rajasthan which belongs to the Indo-Aryan subgroup of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages.
About 20 million people speak Rajasthani, a western Indic language.
In Rajasthan the inhabitants speak about twenty dialects of Rajasthani, which are distinct, and spoken by distinct groups on many levels (religion, clothing, food and traditions).
These twenty dialects belong to 4 large groups: Marwari (Western Rajasthan), close to Sindhi is more extensive on its own than all the others put together, Jaipuri (central-east), Malvi (south-east) and mewati (northeast), which makes the transition to West Hindi.
Let us also quote within these groups: the haroti (harauti), the dhundhari, the ahirwati, the Bagri, the Sonawadi. The tendency in Rajasthan, whatever the dialect one speaks, is to say that one speaks Rajasthani.
Marwari, which itself can be broken down into many sub-dialects, is the main dialect, it has around 5 million speakers, and like Gujarati is affiliated with the Sauraseni Apabhramsa.
This dialectal diversity means that it is often Hindi which is preferred by the Rajasthani to communicate with each other. Hindi even tends to replace their rajasthani dialect more and more, whether for family or for teaching.
Often this multilingualism with Hindi and English tends to mix languages with each other, which can only lead to an evolution towards something else.
Rajasthani contains an important oral literature, consisting mainly of heroic ballads, which dates back to very ancient times.
The literary tradition, in the sense of written literature, dates back to the 15th century. This is dingal literature (maru bhasha, marwari bhasha), the dingal being marwari.
This long and rich literary history has allowed the Marwari to establish itself as a standard, and to those who use it to write it, to reach a real maturity in the poetic genre, which is the essence of its literature, which can bes divided into five genres: jain, charan, akhyan, sant, and laukik.
In India, although some elders still use an ancient script the modi (modiya), the language is written in Devanagari, in Pakistan it is written with a modified Arabic alphabet.
Today Rajasthani, thanks to the National Academy of Letters, is taught at the University of Jodhpur and Udaipur and is an optional subject in secondary education. The language is used in the media.
Rajasthan, located in the north west of India, has Jaipur as its capital.
It is surrounded to the north by Haryana and Punjab, to the east by the state of Uttar Pradesh, and to the south by Madhya Pradesh, to the southwest by the state of Gujarat and to the west through Sindh.
Its south-eastern part is fertile, the rest being desert.