Bengali love poem
আয়নায়, তোমার ছবি
আমার প্রিয়তম কবিতা
কিন্তু এটি দ্রুততায় মিলিয়ে গেলে
এটিই আমার অন্তিম "আমি তোমায় ভালবাসি"
A transliteration of my short poem.
Āẏanāẏa, tōmāra chabi
Āmāra priẏatama kabitā
Kintu ēṭi drutatāẏa miliẏē gēlē
Ēṭii āmāra antima "āmi tōmāẏa bhālabāsi"
→ French poem ←
Poetry translated into Bengali (Bengalese, Bangala, Siripuria, Noakhali, Kachari-Bengali, Bhatiari, Barik, Khulna, Bangla, Musselmani, Mymensingh, Barisal, Kishanganjia, Saraki, Bangla-Bhasa, Chirmar, Lohari-Malpaharia, Rajshahi, Samaria), a language derived from Sanskrit and lingua franca in Bengal.
This Bengali love poem (প্রেম কবিতা) , in the reflection of a coppery face, wrapped in her long black hair. "তোমায় ভালবাসি ভালবাসি" are his favorite words!
This language of the eastern Indo-Aryan branch spoken in Bangladesh and India spoken by 250 million people is close to Assamese and Oriya. Its writing script is an abugida very similar to the Assamese one, and derived from the Brahmi. There are 4 dialectal groups, that is those of Calcutta which is considered as the standard.
Through Buddhism, Sanskrit to address everyone will become vernacular (prakrit), and in contact with other languages will evolve to give the various Indo-Aryan languages of India.
The Laulika will be the apabhramsa-avahattha (vulgar language) variant, at the origin of ancient, middle and then modern Bengali which will be influenced by Persian, Portuguese and English.
In the 13th century the Turks of Bakhtiyar Khilji conquered Bengal to spread the Muslim religion there. The arrival of the Mughals and later that of the British will follow, who split Bengal into two entities.
In India, Hindus and Muslims allied themselves against the English to refuse this partition, but the impossibility of agreements between Muslims and Hindus will ultimately lead to the partition of India, with the creation of a West and East Pakistan (both Muslims), with all the population movements you can imagine between these two Pakistan and India.
In 1971 Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) will separate from the western Pakistani entity, to gain independence.
The oldest texts are songs emanating from Tantric schools. In medium Bengali the themes are essentially religious, the verse is the payar with 14 syllables. In the 15th century we find the adaptation in verses of the Ramayana by Krittivas, the lyrical compositions about the Krisna loves.
Among the narrative poems there are the Candi Mangal of Mukundaram Cakravarti, while Daulat Kazi and Alaol represent the poetic school of Arakan. In the 18th century the precious poem find its apogee with the Annada Mangal of Bharat Candra Ray.
In the modern period it is the revival of Bengal, with the poems of Michael Madhusudan Datta, the novels of Bankim Chandra Chatterji, and with the universal genius of Rabindranath Tagor who exercises an immense influence. In poetry, Jibanananda Das brings a modern personal accent, and Nazrul Islam the patriotic impulse.
Later, Bengali literature will be dominated by the great poet and writer Rabindranath Tagore (nobel prize 1913). Bangladesh, a country with a high population density, is mainly made up of fertile plains, which are on two deltas: Ganges and Brahmaputra.