Sanskrit love poem
त्वरस्व सा नष्टा भवेत्तु
सांतिमा मम "त्वामनुरजामि"!
tvrsv saa nstaa bhvettu
saantimaa mm "tvaamnurjaami"!
→ French poem ←
A literate Indian woman & sanskrit
I translated you into Sanskrit (Sanscrit, Sanskrit bhasha, Deva Bhasha, Deva vani, Autonym : संस्कृतम्), an Indo-European language spoken by 15 million people. You are a literate Indian woman, you have all the diplomas, your pass your daytime to write and to read. It is in a book in Sanskrit that one day in finding me, that you will become aware of your image. And you will say to yourself: "I have forgot to love, the literary refuge was easier, henceforth I shall ally the two, I am a woman and I am open to you!".
This language, once spoken in the Indian subcontinent, remains the language of elite, culture, and religious texts. There is no particular writing for Sanskrit, it can use the scripts of various languages.
Sanskrit is one of the oldest Indo-European languages to possess a literature interesting the linguists. This is of course the language of the Indian culture and of the sacred language of Hinduism. The Aryans brought the ancient Sanskrit (vedic) to about -1,500 in northwestern India. With the expansion of their territory, the language will spread throughout northern India, gradually settling into its classical form, to become the language of culture and religion. Meanwhile the spoken language will evolve to prakrit (common language), which in turn will give birth to modern Indian languages, Hindi, Bengali Sinhalese etc. Sanskrit means, perfect!
At the end of the Vedic period, the language will evolve rather quickly towards simplifications. Classical Sanskrit is based on one of the dialects of the East. From the 4th to the 10th century, literature in Sanskrit will expand. The first texts are sacred hymns dating back to 1200 BC, but because of their sacredness, they will be written later, because the Indian culture has always paid more attention to the oral tradition. As a result, the first inscriptions date back only from the 1st century. The first inscriptions utulise two scripts "the kharos" derived from the Aramaic writing used in Iran and "Brahmi", coming probably from a North Semitic writing, which will evolve towards the Nagari family, whose devanagari, in which today is wrote Sanskrit.
Even when used as a literary language, Sanskrit was not the first language of its users, which usually had one of the advanced forms of prakrit, or even in southern India, a Dravidian language. The prestige associated with its use for vedas (set of texts related to knowledge), has made it the only language used for everything related to Hinduism.
We must also remember the famous speech of Sir William Jones, in 1786, in Calcutta, which shows the relationship between Greek, Latin, Sanskrit and other languages now called Indo-European. If Jones, only repeats what had already been exposed by Steven and Sasseti two centuries earlier, the audience he had, make him the starting point of comparative linguistic. The antiquity of Sanskrit literature, has been in the comparative research, of a fundamental interest for linguists.
This comparison between languages, when it can be done with attested ancient texts, shows close similarities between different languages, especially for words concerning the family, less inclined to change. For example: the word "mother" is "mater" in Latin, "matar in Sanskrit", "mothar" in Gothic etc .. If these similarities between European languages such as Germanic, Greek or Latin languages, and Indian languages, is not due to chance this proves that they have a common ancestor that linguists have called Indo-European.
There is an important tradition of poetry written in Sanskrit. My little poem was well worth to be in this Indo-Aryan language that one finds in India and Nepal. Sanskrit is essensially a learned language, its status is comparable to that of Latin in medieval europe.
Towards the 6th century. The Indian grammarians fix the language and give it a regular and logical form, it is the period of classical Sanskrit. Epic Sanskrit, the language of the Hindu epics, is posterior to the Vedic language, but more archaic than classical Sanskrit. Under the influence of the Gupta emperors develops little by little a courtly and very ornate poetry. Buddhism and Jainism have their own literature in Sanskrit. It includes lyrical poems such as the Sattasai of King Hala, plays or poetic texts in the kavya style, such as the Gaudavaha of Vakpatiraja, and the poetic and dramatic work of Rajasekhara.