Sanskrit love poem
त्वरस्व सा नष्टा भवेत्तु
सांतिमा मम "त्वामनुरजामि"!
tvrsv saa nstaa bhvettu
saantimaa mm "tvaamnurjaami"!
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A literate Indian woman
Sanskrit language and literature
There is no special script for Sanskrit, which can use scripts from various languages. The love poem translated into Sanskrit (Indo-European language of 15 million people). This language, once spoken in the Indian subcontinent, remains the language of the elite, of culture, and of religious texts. Brought to India in the 2nd millenium BC, sanskrit means refined, perfected gave a rise to the Prakrit (common language), which in turn gave rise to the modern Indian languages hindi bengali sinhala etc..
Its in the 18th that the striking similarity of sanskrit to latin and greek was noted. In 1786 William Jones understand that these 3 languages must have a common source. This was the beginning of the inter relationship of all indo european languages and the beginning of the modern comparative linguistics. There is an important tradition of poetry written in Sanskrit. My little poem was well worth to be in this Indo-Aryan language that one finds in India and Nepal. Sanskrit is essensially a learned language, its status is comparable to that of Latin in medieval europe.
Towards the 6th century. The Indian grammarians fix the language and give it a regular and logical form, it is the period of classical Sanskrit. Epic Sanskrit, the language of the Hindu epics, is posterior to the Vedic language, but more archaic than classical Sanskrit. Under the influence of the Gupta emperors develops little by little a courtly and very ornate poetry. Buddhism and Jainism have their own literature in Sanskrit. It includes lyrical poems such as the Sattasai of King Hala, plays or poetic texts in the kavya style, such as the Gaudavaha of Vakpatiraja, and the poetic and dramatic work of Rajasekhara.