Hindi love poem
आईने मे तुम्हारी तस्वीर
मेरी सबसे खूबसूरत ग़ज़ल है
पर ज़रा जल्दी करो, खो जाएगी
ये मेरे प्यार का आखिरी इज़हार है
Aaine me tumhaari tsvir
Meri sbse khubsurt gaejel hai
Pr jeraa jldi kro, kho jaaegai
Ye mere pyaar kaa aakhiri ijehaar hai
→ French poem ←
Kâma & her language hindi
An hindi love poem (प्रेम कविता), even in translation, it has all the same style! The characters in the reverse or on the right side of this Hindi poem magnify and reflect all the splendor of love. It is your language and that of your ancestors. If you are an untouchable, all call you princess. In my opinion you are much more! Would not you be Kama the goddess of love! Let my little poem take flight to India, through hindi this magnificent language. Perhaps over there, one will catch it in its flight to make it fructify!
Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language which belongs to the Indo-European branch, like French, English etc. "Hindi" comes from Persian and was the name of people living near Sindhu river and later around Delhi. It is the third most spoken language in the world, although in India the whole population does not speak it yet.
Indo-Europeans came from the northwest 4,000 years ago. They called themselves Arya, name given to their language "Indo-Aryan". To study this language, we divided it into 3: The old (Sanskrit), the middle (Prakrit with its written form the Pali, then Apabhransha), and modern Indo-Aryan. The Pali is the language of the Buddhist writings, we have Inscriptions dating from -250 (Ashoka), and later many religious texts.
Apabhransha is only known from the 10th century, but certainly dates back to before. It is the last stage before the formation of modern languages that we know: Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Marathi, Nepalese, Oriya, Panjabi, Sindhi, Sinhalais etc.
In the 13th century is propagated as a language of communication a variety of braj. Called khari boli, this language is transported to the Deccan by the Mughal troops and is adopted by the Bahmanids. It takes the Persian-Arabic alphabet and is then called dakkhini hindi,or rekhta. In contact with the Persian, it takes charge of a whole Arab-Persian vocabulary and is then designated, under the name of Hindustani. Hindi is the most spoken language of India. Its development into a national language had its beginnings in the colonial period, when the British began to cultivate it as a standard.
Hindi language and literature
The aphorisms of Gorakhnatha are considered the beginnings of Hindi poetry. The heroic poetry of battles against Muslims like in the Prithiviraja Raso of Cand Bardai develops in Rajasthan. During the Mughal period the poetry of the bhakti saguna is dedicated to Krisna or Rama. The poets nirguna, address a god without attibutes. Many Muslim poets contribute (Abdul Rahim Khankhana, Jayasi).
The 18th century is the age of rhetoric, the poetic prowess being well illustrated by the Satsai of Bihari Lal. Charatendu an hindi poet dramatist and essayist develops prose. Contemporary writers and a multitude of young authors, especially poets, express the feeling of alienation in modern society.
After China, India is the most populous country in the world. There are almost 900 languages in India, and Hindi, which is the official language, is spoken by 750 million people and is written in devanāgarī. The two main ethnic groups in India are the Indians, and the Dravidians (non-Himalayan and non-Aryan peoples) that live in the south of the country.