Guarani love poem
Nde taangá espejo pé
Ha`é che ñe`ê poty iporâ beva
Nde pua`éva erã aní; oho
Pea ha`é che ipajá "Rô haijhú"!
→ Poem the mirror ←
the Guarani is the most important member of the tupian family of languages. Petunia, jaguar, cougar, toucan are all guarani words. In Guarani, Paraguay mean "place of great water".
As many languages, the Guarani is written with the Latin alphabet, it is known by 5 million speakers. One can distinguish several groups of Guaranis, but they speak the same language. The greatest number are found in Paraguay.
The oral literatures of the Guaranis have been transcribed and preserved by Jesuits. They retain a high pre-Columbian purity. They are much less known than those of the Aztecs and the Maya, and have only belatedly aroused a real interest.
The first text in guarani is that of a franciscain, who translated his catechism, in including latinisms and hispanisms. Latinisms and hispanisms, that step by step guarani will take.
Religious and ritual literatures abound, and the emphasis is on the link between man and the hereafter. According to tradition, the gods, on their departure, have left on the earth a code composed of moral harangues and proverbs intended to govern the daily life of the Guaranis. A vast religious poem, a sort of genesis song, was perpetuated among the Pai-Kaiovas. The Ava-Guaranis, for their part, have developed a poetic genre, often esoteric.