Kabyle love poem
ⵜⴻⵙⵡⵉⵔⴰⵎⴻ ⴷⵉ ⵍⴻⵎⵔⵉ
ⴷⴷⴰⵙⴻⴼⵔoⵓ ⴻⵏoⵓ ⴻⵎⴻⵍⵀⴻⵏ
ⴰ3ⵊⴻⵍ ⵜoⵓⵔⴰ ⴰⴷⴷ ⵢⴻⵎⵀoⵓ
ⴼⴰⵏⴳⵓⴰⵔoⵓ ⵜoⵓⵔⴰ ⵀⴰⵎⵍⴰⴳⵀⴽⴻⵎ
Teswirame di lemri
Ddasefrou enou emelhen
A3jel toura add yemhou
Fanguarou toura hamlaghkem
→ French poem ←
A translation of my poem into Kabylian language (other names : Kabyle, Greater Kabyle, Tasahlit, Taqbaylit, Lesser Kabyle, Kabylia, Amazigh, Kabyl, Autonym : Taqbaylit, Tazwawt), a language of the Chamito-Semitic family.
Kabyle is the first Berber language in Algeria for the number of its speakers, followed by Chaoui (in the Aurès massif), Mozabit (north of the Sahara) and Tuareg (south of the Sahara). It is, after chleuh in Morocco, the second Berber dialect with 5.5 million speakers, including Kabylia and the diaspora.
Kabyle is spoken in greater Kabylia and in western little Kabylia, in the Chenoua and Ouarsenis massifs, from Dellys to Colo and from Aumale to Sétif. Intercomprehension between its different dialects, despite differences in vocabulary and accent, is possible.
In Algeria, in addition to literary Arabic which is the official language, Algerian Arabic and Berber (Kabyle etc) are the two mother tongues of the entire population. Berber has been taught in schools and universities since the 1990s.
The word Kabyle would come from Arabic, perhaps from the word koran, or from the word kabel (kuebila), and the language is written in tifinagh, or in Latin or Arabic characters.
The Kabyles were organized in complementary clans, characterized by distinct social functions, and respective prohibitions. They followed a patrilineal descent with a patrilocal residence and married, preferably with their cross or parallel uterine cousin.
Many apotropaic rites punctuated their life.
Kabylia is a mountainous region in northern Algeria which takes its name from the Berber populations which live there. It is a touristic place of Algeria well preserved, with national parks.
The word Berber, name of the population of North Africa, comes to us from the Arabs (perhaps from the word barbarian or in relation to the incomprehension of their language). The Greeks and Romans separated them into different groups called by different names.
These Berbers have an origin which is much debated, perhaps they came back from Asia, perhaps from Europa or even, from Africa further south. In any case, their civilization is also the result of the contacts they had with other peoples during their history ... contacts which will have them both, Europeanized (Celts, Iberians, Vandals) and Arabized.
However, it is probably the arrival of successive peoples that forced the Berbers to take refuge in the mountainous areas they occupy today, and this almost isolation has allowed them to keep their identity over the centuries.